2009年09月15日(火)の放送内容 DEPARTMENT STORE SALES FALL
*Japan's major department stores have been suffering from dwindling sales. They dropped sharply in August from a year earlier, with three out of five stores posting double-digit percentage declines.
*Sales at Isetan, Matsuzakaya, and Mitsukoshi plunged about 11 percent.
*This marks continued monthly falls of over ten percent year-on-year since July.
*The declines are attributed to sluggish sales of clothing and seasonal items due to cool, rainy weather this past summer. In addition, consumers are cutting back on buying expensive jewelry and brand-name goods.
*Department stores are trying to boost demand by launching their autumn clothing lines earlier than usual, and expanding their lineups of reasonably priced items.
2009年11月20日(金)の放送内容 JAPAN DEBT HITS RECORD HIGH
Japan’s debt posted the record at the end of September this year, by issuing a lot of bonds in response to the wolrd wide financial crisis.
*Japan's outstanding national debt reached a record high at the end of September.
This comes after a large government bond issuance to finance stimulus measures to tackle the financial crisis.
//a record high
//国の借金：Japan's outstanding national debt
On the tuesday, the financial Ministry announced that Japan's debt including bond has increased by 47 billion for 3 months and reached 9600billion USD.
*The Finance Ministry said Tuesday that the nation's debt including government bonds and borrowings, grew $47 billion in the previous quarter to about $9.6 trillion.
It means a Japanese national bears about 75,000USD.
*That translates into $75,000 per person.
This sudden surge has started from July, in order to secure the source for a revised budget and to ramp up the fainacial basemen for Japan Governing Invention Bank.
*Bond issuance surged from July to cover an extra budget and also to boost the capital of the state bank, Development Bank of Japan.
The Finance Ministry said the Japan's outstanding national debt is expected to exceed 1000billion.
*The ministry says the debt is likely to expand to over $10 trillion at the end of the current fiscal year in March.
2009年11月17日(火)の放送内容 JAL NIXES BONUSES
Jal, which is suffering from seriously slaggish performance and aking for the goverment's help, decided to cut the winter bonuses for all employees.
*Japan Airlines, which is now seeking government help to ride out the current financial turbulence it's experiencing, has decided to cancel all winter bonus payments for its employees.
//政府の支援を要請：seek goverment help
First, JaL was planning to provide one month salary as the winter bonus, but has decided not totally.
This is the first time since 1987, when it was fully privateized.
*JAL had earlier planned to pay just over a month's worth of salary as this year's winter bonus, but the former national flag carrier decided to stop all bonus payments for the first time since it became a private business in 1987.
// a month's worth of salary:給与の１か月強の額
Last month, JAL filed for govrnment help to recover its financial condition. Japanese goverment is now thinking of lenting money with the government gurantee, and would come up with the detail by end of next week.
*Last month, the airline applied for state support in an effort to nurse itself back to financial health.
The government is scheduled to draw up measures to rebuild the carrier, including state-guaranteed loans, by the end of next week.
//政府のサポート： state support
2009年10月28日(水)の放送内容 BANK OF AMERICA POSTS $1 BIL. LOSS
The America's biggest bank in assets, City of America was hit hard by defaut and announced it posted 1billion USD loss over past 2nd quoter of the fiscal year.
*The biggest U.S. bank has been hit hard by bad loans. Bank of America says it made a one-billion-dollar loss in the third quarter of the year.
//第3四半期：in the third quarter of the year
Bank of America says that its performance in bonds and exchange rates were ok but there are growing number of people who are not able to pay off their borrowing thru credit cards and their mortgage, so the loss has been expanding.
*The bank reported strong results from its bond and foreign exchange operations. But it saw losses grow in its credit card and mortgage businesses as more Americans struggled to make payments in a sluggish economy.
//strong results :優れた結果、堅調な業績
Meanwhile, GE's final profit in the 3rd quorter of this year was 2.5 billion, 42% less than the same time last year, due to the bad resulf in its financil department.
*Meanwhile, General Electric reported a 42 percent drop in quarterly profits, mainly because of a slump in its finance business. Its net earnings came in at 2.5 billion dollars.
//最終利益： net eartnings
2009年04月21日(火)の放送内容 EXPANDING ASIAN BUSINESS
Convenience stores in Japan are working on to increase their oversea branches in Asia in order to be grobally competitive.
*Japanese major convenience store operators are to open more outlets in other Asian countries to increase international competitiveness.
//increase international competitiveness:国際的な競争力を高める
7-11 is going to open its outlet in Indonesia aiming this autumn, which will be the first time case for convenience stores in Japan.
*Seven-Eleven Japan is expected to commence operations in Indonesia by this fall, becoming the first Japanese convenience store chain to do so.
Indonesia is considered a potential market in the future, whose population is over 200 million, and that company is expected to increase its outlets there base on Jakarta.
*The company sees Indonesia as a promising market with a population of more than 200 million. It will concentrate its expansion in the Jakarta area.
//有望な市場：a promising market
Meanwhile, Family mart is planned to open 660 outlets expecially in Korea and China, within 1 year and Lawson is thinking of its expansion in China.
*FamilyMart is planning to increase the number of overseas stores by 660 in one year, mainly in South Korea and China. Lawson also plans to expand operations in China.
This expansion to overseas is in response to Japan's shrinking market due to declining population and so on.
They should compete hard with each other trying to secure more share of international markets.
*The expansion overseas comes at a time when domestic markets are shrinking due to the declining population.
*The companies will likely compete fiercely with one another for a larger share in overseas markets.